Sole charge nanny
A sole charge nanny works alone, usually while the parents are out at work, and has full control over their charge's day. When in sole charge a nanny usually expects to be the one making decisions when on duty, even if the parents are on the premises i.e. working from home.
Shared care nanny
A shared charge nanny works alongside the parents, or more rarely another nanny or governess. They may not have the final say over activities but step in as and when necessary to keep the children occupied or to undertake specific tasks.
Live in nanny
A live in nanny has accommodation provided for them, usually as part of the family home but this may occasionally be separate accommodation. This should be a private bedroom as a minimum, and a live in nanny does not have to leave at weekends. Live in nannies may be exempt from National Minimum Wage legislation is they live as part of the family and join in chores and leisure activities. They are not exempt if their accommodation is self-contained (has a separate entrance) or if they have to leave when not on duty.
Live out nanny
A live out nanny commutes to work and provides their own accommodation. This is the most common type of nanny job.
A nanny share is when a nanny works for two families at the same time, caring for the children together. Caring for three or more families is not possible as a nanny, it requires registration as a childminder. In a nanny share the families usually have an agreement with each other and a salary is negotiated for the care for both families rather than with each family.
NB some payroll companies may define working for two or more families in a week as a nanny share. If the children are not cared for together this is simply having two or more part-time jobs.
A nanny/PA takes on administrative and other tasks for the parents or older children as well as fulfilling a traditional nanny role. This is most common where the parents are high profile or run their own business and only require part-time care, or want their nanny to be able to run errands while looking after the children.
A nanny/housekeeper (also known as a nanny/household manager) takes on additional cleaning, laundry and/or cooking tasks in addition to nanny duties. Some employers expect the nanny to undertake household tasks while looking after the children, others offer the household duties as additional hours while the nanny's charges are at school or nursery.
A temporary nanny works on a short term basis with many different families, covering situations such as childcare emergencies, a permanent nanny's sick, maternity or holiday leave, parental illness incapacity or increased workload, or to provide ad hoc childcare cover.